New hepatitis C treatment costs only $1000
Indian generics of new hepatitis C treatment cost a fraction of the original drug, but can only be sold in “low-income countries”
On January 13, 2015, Indian Patent Office has taken a decision to reject Gilead’s application for sofosbuvir patent. Shortly after, Gilead started putting pressure on India, including the Indian Department of Industrial Policy overseeing the Patent’s Office, trying to reverse this decision. One of the Gilead’s arguments is that regardless of the patent decision, accessible sofosbuvir will still be available in India and other developing countries.
In September 2014 Big Pharma signed voluntary license agreements – no doubt, aimed at saving their patent rights – with seven India-based generic manufacturers: Zydus Cadila, Cipla, Hetero Labs, Mylan Laboratories, Ranbaxy, Sequent Scientific and Strides Arcolab. These agreements are meant to broaden access to innovative hepatitis C drugs, sofosbuvir (known in the US under the trademark Sovaldi™) and ledipasvir (which later became one of the active components of Harvoni™), by enabling the production of their generic versions for some countries, defined by Gilead.
This license, however, was widely criticized by many experts and HCV advocates. Questions arouse whether Gilead will really allow access to the medication – or this is just a trick to avoid open generic competition that could disturb the market and bring down the new hepatitis C treatment cost.
“…Gilead’s licensing terms fall far short of ensuring widespread affordable access to these new drugs in middle-income countries, where over 70 % of people with hepatitis C live today.” Médecins Sans Frontières