India grants GILEAD a patent for sofosbuvir – Page3

India grants GILEAD a patent for sofosbuvir

Patent for sofosbuvir, hepatitis C $1000-per-pill treatment

 

The patent for sofosbuvir granted to Gilead this week raises many concerns. It gives Gilead an unlimited control over their licensed manufacturers. Rumors spread saying that the medication purchase will be restricted to Indian residents and that the amount of the medication one can buy will be limited. Apparently, only one bottle will be sold at once, and the next one could be obtained only four weeks later, and only if the empty bottle is returned. The bar-code system could also be implemented to improve the control over the medication purchase and use.

For the moment these are only rumors. Even if these measures are actually taken, the practical implementation will take time and in some rural areas of India will be simply impossible.

Patent for sofosbuvir: the end of medical tourism in India?

patent for sofosbuvir no more generics in india

Sofosbuvir-based Indian generics (Ledifos, MyHep and others) are already sold only with hepatologist’s prescription. Their price – 20,000 rupees per bottle – seems extremely attractive to Americans and Europeans, but is sky-high for an average Indian. It is hard to image the bar-code scanning system in some areas that don’t even have electricity.

If these restrictive measures are taken, not only the new hepatitis C treatment will be out of most Indian’s reach, but it will also cut down drastically medical tourism in India.

Other countries

Sofosbuvir patents have been rejected already in China, Egypt and Ukraine. It is probably not a simple coincidence that Gilead granted two licenses to the manufacturers in Egypt.

The patent oppositions have been filed in several other countries, including Argentina, Brazil, Russia and Thailand.

What’s the fuss about? Hepatitis C Facts

The liver-destroying virus of hepatitis C affects about 180 million people worldwide. It is primarily transmitted through blood-to-blood contact, even though sexual transmission is possible in high-risk groups. In 80% of the cases, the undetected and untreated hepatitis C infection becomes chronic and can thus lead to liver stiffness, liver cirrhosis, liver failure and liver cancer.

Hepatitis C is considered to be one of the most common causes of death from infectious disease, according to the study of Center for Disease Control and Prevention in the US. In 2013, the annual mortality from hepatitis C exceeded the total combined number of deaths from 60 other infectious diseases, including HIV, pneumococcal disease, and tuberculosis. Worse even, this data is based on death certificates which often state the immediate cause and overlook the root cause – hepatitis C – so the actual numbers of hepatitis C deaths might actually be even higher.

Sofosbuvir is a highly effective substance with minimal side affects. It is listed on the World Health Organisation Essential Medicines List, making it a high priority drug for hepatitis C treatment. Sofosbuvir-based drugs Sovaldi™ and Harvoni™ are FDA-approved in the US. The patent for sofosbuvir and its prodrugs belongs to Gilead Sciences.

 

 

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India grants GILEAD a patent for sofosbuvir – page2

India grants GILEAD a patent for sofosbuvir

Patent for sofosbuvir, hepatitis C $1000-per-pill treatment: the end of medical tourism?

 

patent for sofosbuvir brings gilead moneyPatents are meant to protect the companies from generic competition, allowing them to get the return on their R&D investment and to use the profit to develop new formulations. Unfortunately, without competition – and that’s the case with a patent for sofosbuvir – the pharmaceutical companies can set the unprecedented prices.

In 2014, Gilead earned $10.3 billion with Sovaldi™alone, and $25 billion in total – and roughly a half of this figure in 2013. Sofosbuvir was initially developed by a small company Pharmasset, which was acquired by Gilead in 2011 for $11.2 billion. Therefore, all R&D investment was paid off long time ago.

So  today, who needs protection more  – Gilead from the competition or hepatitis C patients from atrocious pricing strategies?

Patent for sofosbuvir granted, and now what?

A day after the patent was granted on new hepatitis C treatment, patient groups and companies are already planning to challenge it. Many health advocates claim that sofosbuvir does not deserve a patent and prepare to launch an appeal to the Patent Office’s decision.

“Gilead’s sofosbuvir was developed with previously published techniques that have been used repeatedly in other antiviral drugs and therefore does not deserve a patent. In fact, Gilead’s unjustified patents for sofosbuvir have already been rejected by China, Ukraine and Egypt. With pressure growing from US trade regime and from Gilead’s manipulative licensing deals, the patent office’s latest decision ignores the truth about sofosbuvir and fails to uphold the standards of Indian patent law. I-MAK and the Delhi Network of Positive People (DNP+) will appeal the decision to ensure the Indian patent system stays accountable to the integrity of the law and to the public’s health.”  Tahir Amin, co-director of the Initiative for Medicines, Access & Knowledge

(more…)

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India grants GILEAD a patent for sofosbuvir – page1

India grants GILEAD a patent for sofosbuvir

Patent for sofosbuvir, hepatitis C $1000-per-pill treatment: the end of medical tourism?

 

People before profit patent for sofosbuvir

Gilead Sciences was seeking a patent for sofosbuvir since 2014, and had already seen their application rejected by India’s patent office in January 2015. After the rejection appeal, India was forced to reverse the course. The patent for sofosbuvir, the direct-action antiviral treatment for hepatitis C and the active component of the scandalously priced Sovaldi™ was now granted to Gilead.

The Indian Patent Office of New Delhi claimed this Monday that sofosbuvir was “novel” and “inventive”. Surprisingly, just 16 months ago the same patent office said the drug represented only minor changes to a previous formulation, and thus lacked the patent requirements.

Gilead announced that this decision would have no impact on availability of the compound, which is already licensed to several generic manufacturers in India. Despite Gilead’s statement, there are rising concerns that this move can stop affordable copies of antiviral treatment for hepatitis C or significantly limit its availability.

If the patent was not granted, the non-license companies could have entered the hepatitis C market, forcing the price to go down. Most importantly, these companies, not limited by license agreements, could have supplied to the “restricted” middle-income countries.

 

Patent for sofosbuvir, hepatitis C $1000-per-pill treatment: the end of generic hepatitis C treatment?

license agreement

Licensing agreements between Gilead and seven Indian companies were signed as early as September 2014. The number of the licensees has now increased to 13. Eight of these companies (Hetero, Natco, Mylan and Cipla, among others) have launched sales in India and other licensed territories. The license allows the distribution of new hepatitis C drug in 101 developing countries. The goal of this voluntary licensing program and “partnership” with Indian manufacturers, according to Gilead, is to enable access to antiviral treatment for hepatitis C for as many people as possible, as quickly as possible.

The major complication is that these licensed territories are so-called “resource-challenged countries”; the middle and high-income countries are excluded from the scope. This leaves approximately 50 million of people suffering from hepatitis C without access to the affordable treatment. With the price that Gilead is charging for its original, branded drug, it is out of question that the “middle-income” patients can afford the treatment.

Sovaldi™ was launched in the US at a list price of $28,000 for a 28-tablet bottle, or $1,000 a pill.

The generic version is sold in India at about $14 per pill.

The cost of the hepatitis C 12-week treatment course is around $84,000 in US, $50,000 in France and $1200 in India.

 

 

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